Table showing schools of Indian Philosophy

INDIAN SCHOOLS OF PHILOSOPHY

ASTIKA

(ORTHODOX)

NASTIKA

(HETERODOX)

(SRAMANA MOVEMENT)

  VEDAS ARE SUPREME AUTHORITY

EXISTENCE OF BRAHMA AND ATMAN

VEDAS ARE NOT SUPREME AUTHORITY

DO NOT FOLLOW THE CONCEPT OF BRAHMA AND ATMA

SAMKHYA

SAGE KAPILA

NYAYA

SAGE GAUTAM

VAISHESHIKA

SAGE KANNADA

YOGA

SAGE PATANJALI

PURVA MIMAMSA

SAGE JAMINI

UTTAR MIMASA/

VEDANTA/

UPANISHAD

 SAGE VYAS

VEDANTA TRADITIONS

DVAITA

MADHAVACHARYA

VISHISTADVAITA

RAMANUJA

ADVAITA

ADI SHANKARACHARYA

DVAITA-DVAITA

NIMBARKACHARYA

SHUDHADVAITA

VALLABHACHARYA

ACHINTYA BHEDA ABHEDA

(inconceivable one-ness and difference)

CHAITANYA MAHAPRABHU

BUDDHISM

GAUTAM BUDDHA

JAINISM

NATAPUTRA MAHAVIRA

RISHABH DEVA-1ST TIRTHANKAR

CHARVAKA

(HEDONISM/

MATERAILISM)

BRIHASPATI

AJIVIKA

(FATALISM/

NIYATIVADA)

MAKHALI GHOSSALA

(we are powerless; suffering is pre-destined.)

LOKAYATA/

UNCHEDVADI

(Materialism)

AJITA KESAKAMBALI

(“with death, all is annihilated.”)Tam-Jivam-tam-sariram-vada 

SASSTAVADA
(Eternalism)

PAKUDHA KACCAYANA

(earth, water, fire, air, joy, sorrow, and soul are eternal.)

AJNANA/

SANDEHVADI

(Agnosticism)

SANJAYA

BELATTHIPUTTA

(“I don’t think.” So, I don’t think in that way otherwise. I don’t think not or not.”)

AKRIYAVADI

(Amoralism)

PURANA KASSAPA

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