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    The Indian rhinoceros
    (Rhinoceros unicornis)
    AKA the Indian rhino/greater one-horned rhinoceros

    species native to the Indian subcontinent.
    Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List.
    Wildlife Protection Act, 1972: Schedule I

    Adult males are usually solitary. Groups consist of females with calves, or of up to six subadults.
    excellent swimmers and can run at speeds of up to 55 km/h (34 mph) for short periods.

    rhinoceros unicornis has been listed in CITES Appendix I since 1975.

    The rhinoceros is one of the motifs on the Pashupati seal and other terracotta figurines that were excavated at archaeological sites of the Indus Valley Civilisation.

    Rhinoceros is Vahana of the Hindu goddess Dhavdi. There is a temple dedicated to Maa (Mother) Dhavdi in Dhrangadhra, Gujarat.

    The Rhinoceros Sutra is an early text in the Buddhist tradition, found in the Gandhāran Buddhist texts and the Pali Canon, as well as a version incorporated into the Sanskrit Mahavastu. It praises the solitary lifestyle and stoicism of the Indian rhinoceros and is associated with the eremitic lifestyle symbolized by the Pratyekabuddha.

    About the Indian Rhino Vision 2020 (IRV 2020):

    Launched in 2005.

    IRV 2020 is an initiative led by the Forest Department, Government of Assam, in partnership with WWF India, International Rhino Foundation, and several other organizations.

    The goal of IRV2020 was to increase the rhino population in Assam to 3,000 by establishing populations in new areas.

    Rhinos are now found in four Protected Areas in Assam:
    Pabitora Wildlife Reserve,
    Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park,
    Kaziranga National Park, and
    Manas National Park

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